This book analyses the employment of Health Information Systems (HIS) in two major university teaching hospitals in Jordan, King Abdullah University Hospital (KAUH) and Jordan University Hospital (JUH). The analysis mainly adopted qualitative methodologies of a questionnaire and interviews. Generally, Medciom and Oracle HIS are in use at KAUH and JUH respectively. Their users indicated HIS has enhanced their daily work of improving inter-departmental communications, saving time of medical procedures, easy data retrieval, decreasing professional malpractices, and increasing administrative efficiencies. However, technical difficulties in the form of system maintenance requirements and inflexibility were the HIS drawback identified by some users. However, these findings reinforce HIS advantages reported in the literature in light of the two Jordanian hospitals user expertise. Such results can encourage other hospitals in Jordan to adopt HIS in their healthcare delivery process.
An ICU database collected at Hospital da Luz, in Lisbon was used for Knowledge retrieval. The Knowledge Discovery in Databases process is applied to this dataset, to obtain classification models that will allow to identify the laboratory testing necessity. Data preprocessing and reduction, feature selection, and classification processes are used. For the classification step, soft computing tools such as fuzzy systems and neural networks are used, combined with SFS, AFS and GA feature selection tools. The feature selection tools have been altered to work with distributed computing, in order to decrease the execution time.
Health care professionals have an ethical obligation to promote organ donation. Retrieval of organs and tissues from cadavers needs a boost through a holistic approach by involving the relatives of the deceased, the physicians, the transplant co-ordinators, the law enforcing agencies along with a dedicated and efficient hospital infrastructure and supporting logistics. This book describes the factors that affect tissue and organ donation in a medico-legal set up in India. The authors also found that a collaborative request made to the relatives by a team consisting of a forensic doctor along with the social worker working in the mortuary could play a pivotal role in improving the present system and promoting cadaveric tissue and organ donation.
This book equips readers to understand a complex range of healthcare products that are used to diagnose, monitor, and treat diseases or medical conditions affecting humans. The first part of the book presents medical technologies such as medical information retrieval, tissue engineering techniques, 3D medical imaging, nanotechnology innovations in medicine, medical wireless sensor networks, and knowledge mining techniques in medicine. The second half of the book focuses on healthcare technologies including prediction hospital readmission risk, modeling e-health framework, personal Web in healthcare, security issues for medical records, and personalized services in healthcare. The contributors are leading world researchers who share their innovations, making this handbook the definitive resource on these topics. Handbook of Medical and Healthcare Technologies is intended for a wide audience including academicians, designers, developers, researchers and advanced-level students. It is also valuable for business managers, entrepreneurs, and investors within the medical and healthcare industries.
Recent technological innovations - influenced primarily by the development of more sophisticated, faster and cheaper computer systems - permitted also the evolution of more affordable systems for Patient Data Management, so called PDM-Systems. The experience of the authors, on one of the first PDMS installation sites in Europe, shows that the purchase of such a system is not an easy task, since accurate data are not available in a comparable format. Therefore the first part of the book is devoted to a comparison of already installed, commercially distributed bedside based PDMS with regard to their specifications, functions and performance. The methods included a questionnaire with detailed questions for the vendors to answer and a "table of functions" comparing the most important functions which should be included in a PDMS. With that list the different systems (which were all in clinical use) were checked for the availability and the way of use of these functions. To evaluate variations in the systems performance an "information retrieval test" was designed and executed.In the second part the different vendors, whose systems were included in the study, were to describe the systems from their viewpoints. The third part contains papers describing the users' experiences. The fourth and last part shows how to use PDMS-data for scientific and therapeutic purposes including two papers on clinical expert systems. Thus, this book provides valuable information for clinicians and hospital managers who have to decide on the purchase of a Patient Data Management System.
This book was produced to answer the need expressed by Radiologists and trainee Radiology Technologists for clear and detailed description of the PACS and its uses in Radiology service. The concept of picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS) has now been in existence for over 20 years. Advances in computer hardware technology only enabled it to become a realistic clinical entity in the 1990s. PACS installations are now rising exponentially worldwide, and although most institutions with PACS have achieved a completely filmless working environment, few function in a paperless mode. PACS integrates imaging modalities, interfaces with hospital and departmental information systems, and manages the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and display of images to radiologists, hospital physicians, and remote referring physicians, specialists, clinics and imaging centers. PACS serves as a secure database for medical images, but more importantly, PACS improves the efficiency of imaging departments.
•Includes Text Mining and Natural Language Processing Methods for extracting information from electronic health records and biomedical literature.•Analyzes text analytic tools for new media such as online forums, social media posts, tweets and video sharing.•Demonstrates how to use speech and audio technologies for improving access to online content for the visually impaired. Text Mining of Web-Based Medical Content examines various approaches to deriving high quality information from online biomedical literature, electronic health records, query search terms, social media posts and tweets. Using some of the latest empirical methods of knowledge extraction, the authors show how online content, generated by both professionals and laypersons, can be mined for valuable information about disease processes, adverse drug reactions not captured during clinical trials, and tropical fever outbreaks. Additionally, the authors show how to perform infromation extraction on a hospital intranet, how to build a social media search engine to glean information about patients' own experiences interacting with healthcare professionals, and how to improve access to online health information. This volume provides a wealth of timely material for health informatic professionals and machine learning, data mining, and natural language researchers. Topics in this book include:•Mining Biomedical Literature and Clinical Narratives •Medication Information Extraction •Machine Learning Techniques for Mining Medical Search Queries •Detecting the Level of Personal Health Information Revealed in Social Media •Curating Layperson’s Personal Experiences with Health Care from Social Media and Twitter •Health Dialogue Systems for Improving Access to Online Content •Crowd-based Audio Clips to Improve Online Video Access for the Visually Impaired •Semantic-based Visual Information Retrieval for Mining Radiographic Image Data •Evaluating the Importance of Medical Terminology in YouTube Video Titles and Descriptions
Cases in Pre-hospital and Retrieval Medicine is a supplementary case book with a self directed approach, designed to complement core texts such as Cameron, or Sanders. The book focuses on the principles of PHC and Retrieval medicine and the continuum of care of the critically injured trauma patient in the field. It is case based and uses real pre-hospital and retrieval situations, presented in question format followed by an extensive discussion highlighting key areas of the specialty. The questions and answers are each 3 - 4 pages in length and most are accompanied by a photo from author archives/real events. The questions have been divided into those with a predominantly pre-hospital theme and those based around retrieval medicine. A third section covers service development and special situations.
Get the foundational knowledge about health sciences librarianship. The general term 'health sciences libraries' covers a wide range of areas beyond medical libraries, such as biomedical, nursing, allied health, pharmacy, and others. Introduction to Health Sciences Librarianship provides a sound foundation to all aspects of these types of libraries to students and librarians new to the field. This helpful guide provides a helpful overview of the health care environment, technical services, public services, management issues, academic health sciences, hospital libraries, health informatics, evidence-based practice, and more. This text provides crucial information every beginning and practicing health sciences librarian needs-all in one volume. Introduction to Health Sciences Librarianship presents some of the most respected librarians and educators in the field, each discussing important aspects of librarianship, including technical services, public services, administration, special services, and special collections. This comprehensive volume provides all types of librarians with helpful general, practical, and theoretical knowledge about this profession. The book's unique 'A Day in the Life of ...' feature describes typical days of health sciences librarians working in special areas such as reference or consumer health, and offers anyone new to the field a revealing look at what a regular workday is like. The text is packed with useful figures, screen captures, tables, and references. Topics discussed in Introduction to Health Sciences Librarianship include: overview of health sciences libraries health environment collection development of journals, books, and electronic resources organization of health information access services information services and information retrieval information literacy health informatics management of academic health sciences libraries management and issues in hospital libraries library space planning specialized services Introduction to Health Sciences Librarianship provides essential information for health sciences librarians, medical librarians, beginning and intermediate level health sciences/medical librarians, and any health sciences librarian wishing to review the field. This crucial volume belongs in every academic health sciences library, hospital library, specialized health library, biomedical library, and academic library.